Flora - Fauna


Naxos has a bold relief and a remarkable and rich variety of biotopes. From the altitude of the sea and coastline to the tops of hills and mountains, the various ecosystems rotate smoothly, providing safe habitat for numerous representatives of the fauna of Naxos.
Marine mammals as Striped Dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba) and Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) appear frequently in the waters of Naxos, usually when they follow large flocks of fish and molluscs that cross the sea area east of Cyclades.

On the east side of the island survive few individuals of a species threatened with extinction, the Mediterranean monk seal (Monachus monachus), and in the same sea area, the appearance of the Mediterranean Sea Turtle (Caretta caretta) is not rare, another extremely rare and endangered species, the sole representative of marine reptiles in the area.

From land mammals, Rubbits (Lepus europaeus), the Rabbits(Oryctolagus cuniculous), the Hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) and beech marten (Martes foina) are the most prominent and recognizable wild species.
The rodents and bats that exist on the island have not been adequately studied, as well as almost all invertebrates (insects, spiders, snails, worms, etc.).

This does not happen with amphibians and reptiles. The Cyclades is known for its abundance of species and subspecies, and Naxos is no exception. The European Green Toad (Bufo viridis) and Marsh Frog (Rana ridibunda), the two amphibians of Naxos, often survive in the same habitat with the River turtle (Mauremys caspica), the only land turtle living in almost all natural wetlands of the island.
From lizards we can recognize the Turkish Gecko (Hemidactylus turcicus), the “Cyrtopodion kotschyi” lizard, the Green Lizard (Lacerta trilineata), the Aegean Lizard (Podarcis erhardii) and of course the famous Agama lizard (Agama stelio).

The genuses of snakes that exist in Naxos are the adder (Vipera ammodytes), the water snake (Natrix natrix), the Sand Boa (Eryx jaculus) and Typhlopidae (Typhlops vermicularis).

Κότσιφας Τσίχλα αποδημητικό
Μαυροκέφαλος Χελιδόνια Αποδημητικά
Πεταλούδα Κοντογιάννης
Κορυδαλός νεοσός (σκορδιαλός) Κουκουβάγια στον Τίμιο Σταυρό
Χαλτσάς-Χαλκιάς Μελισοφάγος-Μελισοφάς
Σπίνος αρσενικός Σπίνος θηλικός

The most impressive category of animal of Naxos, however, is undoubtedly the birds. From the majestic Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus), an age-long symbol of bird-fauna of Naxos, to the humble Crested Lark (Galerida cristata), the environment of Naxos attracted and still attracts hundreds of bird species, many of which are rare or threatened with disappearance. Hemerobius and noctambulant predators, namely carrion buzzard, eagles, hawks, kirkoi, owls and Eurasian eagle owls, aquatic, as herns, divers(grebes of Greece), crackes, geese and ducks, waders as ringed plovers, sandpipers and tringas, seabirds, gulls and terns, partidges, pipits, wagtales, swallows, sylvia , willow warblers, acrocephalus warblers, blackbirds, mavises, finches and ravens are living permanently or visiting the island very often, proving the environmental significance and importance of the natural environment.

The environmental value of Naxos is the result of the soft traditional use of the land and has been recognized internationally. The Greek government has included part of the island in the European network of protected areas <<Nature 2000>>.
Also 7 Shelters of Wildlife have been established.

All species of fauna and flora of Naxos are parties to the biodiversity and natural wealth and play an extremely important role in the functioning of ecosystems and provide essential ecological services. Maintaining and protecting them should be a debt for the people of the island but also for visitors who are required to support practical efforts of local authorities to promote moderate growth and sustainability.



Naxos has rich aquatic resources and peculiar terrain. Because of this, type genus of plants that are transferred by the winds, can find friendly initial growth conditions.

Thus, Naxos is full of botanical families (Labiatae, Compositae, Liliacae, Euphorbiaceae Asteraceae etc.) with resistance to dry and hot conditions of the climate.

Also, conquerors and travellers had transferred to Naxos plants and seeds, that they loved or they considered important, from the place they came. We meet varieties of vegetables, vines and fruit-bearing of rare value.
The traditional farmer of Naxos kept well protected the interesting genetic material, as waiting for someone to protect it from potential generate erosion.

The nature of Naxos, in spite of the times, makes all the flowers to flourish.
Nature along with the prevailing weather conditions are the only "accomplices" and parts of an exceptional variety of plant species.


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